I.Phonetics(5 points)

  Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinationsmarked A,B,C and D. Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others inpronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  1. A. Wednesday      B. recent       C. sudden         D. absent

  2. A. broad           B. boast       C. coast            D. crossroads

  3. A. consist          B. congress     C. consume        D. confirm

  4. A. combine        B. wine        C. machine        D. line

  5. A. crucial          B. decision     C. democracy      D. celebrate

  II.Vocabulary and Structure(15 points)

  Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A,B, C and D. Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on the AnswerSheet.

  6. Only with your help,        such difficulties in the field.

  A. can we overcome               B. we can overcome

  C. should we overcome             D. We should overcome

  7.The ski resorts are usually crowded. There are many people     skiing.

  A. enjoy        B. that want       C. who enjoy      D. want

  8. Would you like     to the United States?

  A. trip      B. voyage            C. going         D. to travel

  9. Not you but your father      .

  A. are to blame                    B. is to blame

  C. are to be blamed                D. is to be blamed

  10. After all this time you’d think he’d have forgotten ,        ?

  A. didn’t say     B. wouldn’t say     C. hadn’t say    D. don’t say

  11. I should never have said that . I wish I       that.

  A. didn’t say     B. wouldn’t say     C. hadn’t say    D. don’t say

  12. I’v already decided. I      buy a new car.

  A. am going to       B. will       C. would      D. have bought

  13. What would you do if you      your job?

  A. lose           B. lost        C. would lose   D. will be

  14.We don’t be able to go to the club     our parents give us permission.

  A. although       B. nevertheless  C. unless      D. once

  15. Why don’t you try to come home      9 o’clock?

  A. by            B. under       C. until        D. up to

  16. By my 50th birthday ,I       in my current profession for over 20 years.

  A. would have been                B. would be

  C. will be                        D. will have been

  17.I think they are dating. They       a lot of each other recently.

  A. had seen    B. had been seeing   C. have seen  D. have been seeing

  18. I       the paper after lunch. That’s one of the things I really enjoy.

  A. used to read                   B. am used to reading

  C. use to read                    D. have used to read

  19. I am against children     to school before they are six.

  A. who send      B. being sent    C. sending     D. having sent

  20.It is no good       English without speaking English.

  A. to learn        B. learn         C. learning    D. learned

  III. Cloze (30 points)

  Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the onethat is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  Los Angeles has planted 2,000 rubber trees down the middle of one of its main streets. These trees do not  21rubber. They are,  22    ,made of rubber. Mr Joe Dynamo, a spokesman for Los Angeles  23   council, explained thereasons. He said:

  “These  24   are representative of our virtual society. We have polystyrene grass on our golf   25 . We have non-milk powder  26   our coffee. We  27 copies in plastic of old  wooden furniture. We have fiberglass tombstones.  28shouldn’t we have trees made of rubber?”

  “At 50 miles an hour,  29  motorist will see any difference. And our preservation  30   will be lower. You givethe trees an annual rinse with detergent and  31   them off twice a year. We   32  a lot of money becausetransplanting, pruning, weeding and leaf-collection are all  33   . And we have a 60-year  34   guarantee on eachplant. This is rationalization at  35   best.”

  21. A. invent          B. do           C. produce         D. create

  22. A. in fact         B. eventually     C. practically       D. as a matter

  23. A. country         B. state          C. city            D. county

  24. A. plants          B. trees         C. rubber          D. streets

  25. A. courses         B. places        C. courts          D. playground

  26. A. on             B. of           C. at              D. in

  27. A. make           B. introduce     C. build           D. set

  28. A. What           B. How         C. When           D. Why

  29. A. some           B. no           C. many            D. a few

  30. A. costs           B. price         C. money         D. award

  31. A. sweep          B. wash         C. tidy            D. duty

  32. A. waste           B. keep          C. save           D. store

  33. A essential         B. accidental     C. unnecessary     D. necessary

  34. A. fade            B. non-fade      C. die away        D. everlasting

  35. A. one’s           B. its            C. their           D. the

  IV. Reading Comprehension(60 points)

  Directions: There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions, For eachquestion there are four suggested answers marked A,B,C and D, Choose one best answer and blacken the correspondingletter on the Answer Sheet.

  Passage One

  To find out what the weather is going to be , most people go straight to the radio, television or newspaper to getan expert weather forecast. But if you know what to look for, you can use your own senses to make weather predictions.

  There are many signs which can help you. For example, in fair weather the air pressure is generally high. The airis still and often full of dust. Faraway objects may look hazy. But when a storm is brewing, the pressure drops andyou are often able to see things more clearly. Sailors took note of this long ago and came up with a saying “Thefarther the sight, the nearer the rain.”

  Your sense of smell can also help you detect weather changes. Just before it rains, odors become stronger. This isbecause odors are repressed in a fair, high-pressure center. When a bad weather low moves in , air pressure lessensand odors are released.

  You can also hear an approaching storm. Sounds bounce off heavy storm clouds and return to earth with increasedforce. An old saying describes it this way: “Sounds traveling far and wide, a storm day will betide.”

  And don’t scoff if your grandmother says she can feel a storm coming. It is commonly known that many people feelpains in their bones or in corns and bunions when the humidity rises, the pressure drops, and gad weather is on theway.

  36. The topic of this passage is      .

  A. Expert Weather Forecast

  B. Seeing Approaching Storms

  C. Old Saying about Weather

  D. Using the Senses to Detect Weather Changes

  37. According to the passage, as a storm approaches, faraway objects look       .

  A. hazy because of dust in the air

  B. clearer because of dust in the air

  C. clearer because air pressure is dropping

  D. distorted because of storm clouds

  38. In the last paragraph, the writer implies that        .

  A. the idea of feeling a coming storm is foolish

  B. older people know a lot about weather

  C. it is possible, but unlikely, that people feel aches when a storm is coming

  D. it is definitely true that some people can feel aches weather changes

  39. The underlined word “repressed” in paragraph 3 is close to     in meaning.

  A. crush       B. restrict     C. lower        D. struggle

  Passage Two

  There are no inevitable outcomes of social class in child rearing. At the same time, there is no question thatsocial class is important factor in how children are raised and the kind of adults that children become. Regardingsocial class, sociologists have found that parents socialize their children into the behaviors and norms of their workworlds. Members of the working class are closely supervised and are expected to follow explicit rules at their jobs.If they do not follow the precise rules and do as they are told, they will not keep their jobs. Their experienceinfluences how they deal with their children. As a result, their concern is less with their children’s motivationsand more with their children’s outward conformity. Thus they are more apt to use physical punishment in managingtheir children. On the other hand, middle-class parents, who are expected to take more initiative on the job, are moreconcerned that their children develop curiosity, self-expression, and self-control. They are also more likely towithdraw privileges or affection than to use physical punishment.

  40. The word “explicit” means       .

  A. vague    B. difficult     C. confusing     D. clearly defined

  41.According to this passage, working-class parents are more likely than middle-class parents to      .

  A. use physical punishment for discipline

  B. have children who finish college

  C. have children who are out of control

  D. show less love to their children

  42. Middle-class parents will encourage their children to be        .

  A. self-confident     B. reliable      C. curious     D. successful

  43. This passage if about        .

  A. the relation between social class of the parents and their children’s rearing

  B. the similarities between working class and middle class parents

  C. the differences between children of working class and the ones of middle class

  D. the relation between working class and middle class in their working places

  Passage Three

  Farm animals provide man with food and material for clothing, leather and other products. Some, such as horses andoxen, provide transportation and power to pull machinery. Livestock gaze on about 40 percent of the United Stated landarea.

  Cattle provide meat, hides and dairy products. Beef and dairy cattle account for about a third of all farm incomein the U.S. Farms in the Midwest and sprawling ranches in the West raise most of the country’s beef cattle. The mainDairy Belt in the U.S. extends through the Northern states from New England to Minnesota. Eastern dairy farmers inMinnesota, Wisconsin and Iowa sell most of their milk to companies that make butter, cheese and evaporated milk.

  Hogs grow rapidly and provide meat and materials used to make many products. Hogs thrive on corn, and farmers inthe Corn Belt of the Midwest raise more than two-third of U.S. hogs.

  Sheep and goats supply man with meat, wool and skins for leather They are hardy animals that live well on poorgrazing land.

  Poultry includes chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys and other birds raised for meat or eggs. Many farmers keep smallflocks of chickens to supply their families with eggs and meat. But some U.S. farmers specialize in raising largeflocks of meat or egg-laying chickens. They use scientific breeding and feeding methods.

  Some specialized farms raise mink and other animals for their fur, rabbits for meat, or silkworms for silk. Manyfarmers keep bees to get their honey and to help pollinate crops.

  44. Farm animals in this passage are for       .

  A. farming   B. leather only    C. natural balance     D. man’s need

  45.Where is the Corn Belt Located?

  A. Northeast.   B. Midwest    C. South.            D. West.

  46. Land which is too poor to sustain cattle might be used to raise      .

  A. horses      B. oxen        C. sheep            D. dairy cows

  47. Which animals in this passage are bred by scientific methods ?

  A. Poultry     B. Geese.       C. Birds.           D. Chickens.

  Passage Four

  The crowd stirred and whispered in awe as, on the stage, the horse slowly tapped out the beat. Everyone becametense and quiet as the number of taps neared the correct answer to the horse trainer’s question. After the final tap,the horse paused, seemed to look around and stopped. The crowd went wild!

  The horse’s name was Clever Hans, the Educated Horse, and was featured in a vaudeville(杂耍)act in the early1900s ,in Europe. When asked a complicated mathematical question by his owner, Clever Hans would tap out the correctanswer with his hooves. For example, if the answer was sixty-eight, Hans would tap out six with his left hoof andeight with his right hoof. Even more remarkable, the owner would leave the room after asking the question, so therecould be no secret signal between owner and horse. A mere animal seemed to be accomplishing a highly technical skillof man’s!

  It wasn’t until years later that the secret of the trick was revealed. The owner had trained Clever Hans torespond to slight signals. The horse became so sensitive that he learned when to stop from the crowd’s reaction.Members of the audience would start involuntarily, or give some unconscious signal, when Hans reached the rightanswer. Modern scientists now warn against the Clever Hans syndrome(综合征),whereby researchers unconsciously giveclues to their animal subjects about the actions they like to see performed!

  48. This passage is mainly about       .

  A. animal intelligence                B. mathematical skills

  C. Clever Hans                      D. unconscious behavior

  49. The Clever Hans syndrome is a danger to be avoided by     .

  A. audience   B. researchers     C. veterinarians   D. mathematicians

  50.The Clever Hans’s real talent was       .

  A. his sensitivity to crowd reaction      B. adding large sums

  C. standing quietly on stage            D. obeying his owner

  51.The first paragraph of this passage is      .

  A.a first person account               B. a dramatic account

  C. an understatement                 D. a scientific finding

  Passage Five

  It takes a long time to grow a tree .How long? Well, pine trees are the quickest growing trees, but still, theytake twenty years to reach a size suitable for cutting and harvesting. An oak takes about sixty years to grow to agood size. A redwood may take hundreds of years.

  Lumber companies, which make their money on trees, depend on those that grow quickly. Therefore, they are alwayslooking for methods to make trees grow faster. So far, the secret to fast growing trees seems to lie in “super-seeds.” These are seeds that are gathered from the quickest growing trees in a forest. One company searched 100,000acres oftrees and selected the seeds from just fifteen trees. These two ounces of seed were enough to plant several hundrednew trees. Eventually, when these trees have grown, seeds will again be taken only from the fastest growing trees ofcrop . This process of artificial selection will yield, in the future , a super-tree that will grow in half the timeit takes normal trees to develop.

  Unfortunately, it takes a long time for a plan like this to reach its goal. The Weyerhauser Lumber Corporation,which started first collection of seed in 1958,is just now beginning to harvest the super-seeds of the firstgeneration of the faster growing trees.

  52.This selection centers on       .

  A. the life span of trees            B. the age of redwoods

  C. making trees grow quickly       D. cutting trees for lumber

  53. Trees that grow faster are developed by          .

  A. planting many trees and fertilizing them

  B. collecting seeds from strong, slow growing trees

  C. selecting the seeds of the fastest growing trees

  D. feeding them high-energy plant foods

  54. Super-trees              .

  A. will be a great benefit to lumber companies

  B. make extra-good lumber for buildings

  C. will probably be weak because of their fast growth

  D. may be defenseless to many insects and dise

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